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Minnesota Firearms Trace Data

Data Source: Firearms Tracing System. Used with permission.
January 1, 2020 – December 31, 2020


Contents

  1. ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer
  2. Table: Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced in Minnesota in Calendar Year 2020
  3. Table: Firearm Types with a Minnesota Recovery
  4. Table: Top Calibers Reported on Firearm Traces with a Minnesota Recovery
  5. Table: Top Categories Reported on Firearm Traces with a Minnesota Recovery
  6. Table: Top 15 Source States for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery
  7. Table: Time-To-Crime Rates for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery
  8. Table: Age of Possessors for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery
  9. Table: Top Recovery Cities for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery
  10. Analytical Criteria Used to Compile the Enclosed Statistics

ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer

Firearm traces are designed to assist law enforcement authorities in conducting investigations by tracking the sale and possession of specific firearms. Law enforcement agencies may request firearms traces for any reason, and those reasons are not necessarily reported to the federal government. Not all firearms used in crime are traced and not all firearms traced are used in crime.

Firearms selected for tracing are not chosen for purposes of determining which types, makes or models of firearms are used for illicit purposes. The firearms selected do not constitute a random sample and should not be considered representative of the larger universe of all firearms used by criminals, or any subset of that universe. Firearms are normally traced to the first retail seller, and sources reported for firearms traced do not necessarily represent the sources or methods by which firearms in general are acquired for use in crime.

Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced in Minnesota in Calendar Year 2020

4072

Firearm Types with a Minnesota Recovery

January 1, 2020 – December 31, 2020
Pistols 2,772
Rifles 560
Shotguns 364
Revolvers 332
Derringers 13
Machineguns 13
Other* 18
Other includes Receivers/Frames, Combinations, Unknown Types and Silencers.

Top Calibers Reported on Firearm Traces with a Minnesota Recovery

January 1, 2020 – December 31, 2020
9mm 1,524
.22 Cal 435
.40 Cal 412
.45 Cal 305
.380 Cal 286
12GA 268
.38 Cal 101
.357 Cal 84
7.62mm 58
5.56mm 55
NOTE: There were 501 additional traces that were associated with other calibers. There were 43 traces with an unknown caliber.

Top Categories Reported on Firearm Traces with a Minnesota Recovery

January 1, 2020 – December 31, 2020
Possession of Weapon 1,290
Firearm Under Investigation 648
Dangerous Drugs 487
Found Firearm 359
Aggravated Assault 236
Weapon Offense 162
Family Offense 108
Traffic Offense 102
Firing Weapon 94
Suicide 90

NOTE: There were 496 additional traces that were associated with other categories.

* A homicide category was reported on 63 traces.

Top 15 Source States for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery

January 1, 2020 – December 31, 2020

Minnesota2,297
Wisconsin178
North Dakota66
Indiana56
Texas53
South Dakota41
Illinois39
Mississippi37
Arizona31
Florida29
Missouri29
Ohio29
Colorado28
Iowa28
Georgia27

NOTE: An additional 31 states accounted for 279 other traces. The source state was identified in 3,247 total traces.

Time-To-Crime Rates for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery

January 1, 2020 – December 31, 2020

Under 3 Months 306
3 Months to Under 7 Months 287
7 Months to Under 1 Year 205
1 Year to Under 2 Years 341
2 Years to Under 3 Years 275
3 Years and Over 1,799

1/1/2020-12/31/2020 Minnesota Average Time-to-Crime: 7.34 Years

1/1/2020-12/31/2020 National Average Time-to-Crime: 7.01 Years

Age of Possessors for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery

January 1, 2020 – December 31, 2020
17 and Under 80
18 to 21 343
22 to 24 296
25 to 30 587
31 to 40 804
41 to 50 236
Over 50 327

1/1/2020-12/31/2020 Minnesota Average Age of Possessor: 34 Years

1/1/2020-12/31/2020 National Average Age of Possessor: 34 Years

Top Recovery Cities for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery

January 1, 2020 – December 31, 2020

Minneapolis 1,047
St. Paul 631
Brooklyn Park 177
Duluth 103
Brooklyn Center 94
Hibbing 54
Vesta 54
St. Cloud 53
Blaine 52
Faribault 50

NOTE: There were 325 additional municipalities that accounted for 1,753 other traces. The recovery city could not be determined for four traces.

Analytical Criteria Used to Compile the Enclosed Statistics

Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced
  • Includes traces with a recovery state of Minnesota. Traces in which the recovery state was not provided were included when the requesting agency state was equal to Minnesota.
  • Includes Firearms Recovered and Traced between 1/1/2020 – 12/31/2020 or, if the recovery date was blank, firearms with trace entry dates between 1/1/2020 – 12/31/2020.
  • Duplicate traces, Firearms Not Recovered, Gun Buyback and Firearms Turned In are not included in this figure.
  • Data was extracted from the Firearms Tracing System (FTS) on April 12, 2021.
  • All traces may not have been submitted or completed at the time of this study.
Firearm Types and Calibers with a Minnesota Recovery
  • Includes same criteria as Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced.
Top Categories Reported on Firearm Traces with a Minnesota Recovery
  • Includes same criteria as Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced. Beginning in CY 2010, attempted homicide, attempted suicide and negligent vehicular manslaughter are reported in separate categories.
Top Source States for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery
  • Includes same criteria as Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced.
  • Traces must identify a purchaser and the state in which the final dealer is located.
Time-to-Crime Rates for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery
  • Includes same criteria as Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced.
  • Traces must identify a purchaser.
  • Time-to-Crime was calculated for those traces in which the purchase date could be subtracted from the recovery date.
Age of Possessors for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery
  • Includes same criteria as Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced.
  • Includes traces that provide a possessor and the possessor’s date of birth.
  • Possessor’s age is calculated by subtracting the possessor’s date of birth from the recovery date.
Top Recovery Cities for Firearms with a Minnesota Recovery
  • Includes same criteria as Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced.
  • Includes traces with a recovery city or, if the recovery city was not provided, traces requested by agencies with jurisdiction only within that city.

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