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Foster Models of Co-Response and Non-Police Alternatives for Emergency Calls

  • Thousands of Minnesotans call 911 each day for a variety of calls, not all of which require armed police. At times, an armed officer can escalate the situation.
  • To reform this system, jurisdictions across the US have introduced alternative forms of 911-response that focus on handling behavioral health and non-emergency calls.
  • In 2021, Minnesota passed Travis’ Law, which required mental health crisis response teams to be dispatched by 911 for mental health calls when available.
  • Unfortunately, insufficient funding, inadequate geographic coverage, and current norms have led to poor enforcement of this policy.*
  • The state of Minnesota must work to audit, expand, and support these programs across the state.**



*Sec. 403.03 MN Statutes. (2022).

Orenstein, W. (2021, December 20). What one Greater Minnesota city’s experience says about the state’s efforts to integrate mental health and police work … MinnPost.

**City of Minneapolis. (2020). Behavioral Health Response.

Community-First Response. (2021). Saint Paul Minnesota.



Duluth Roundtable

Please join Protect Minnesota later this month in Duluth for an important conversation. As we’re gearing up for the 2023 elections and the 2024 legislative session, it’s more important than ever that the gun violence prevention community has the chance to connect with each other, share our priorities, and voice our hopes for the coming months and years.

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